Skip to main content

How to create a list of all applications which were manually installed? [Resolved]

I use Fedora and I'd like to have all the package names in a list, but only the ones I installed myself, not the default ones.

Question Credit: 78c32b76b8368b2
Question Reference
Asked May 24, 2019
Tags: fedora, backup
Posted Under: Unix Linux
3 Answers

That's hard, because as far as RPM is concerned there isn't much difference between packages which anaconda installed as part of the install and those you have installed since. Indeed if you customised the package selection during the install then just knowing what was installed afterwards doesn't help you know what customisations to apply.

You could use yum history to access the history and see when packages were installed, but that would include any updates to packages installed at install time.

Another technique would be to generate a list as soon as you install, like this:

rpm --queryformat="%{NAME}.%{ARCH}\n" -qa | sort > base.list

then later you can generate a new list:

rpm --queryformat="%{NAME}.%{ARCH}\n" -qa | sort > new.list

then use comm to find the differences:

comm -13 base.list new.list

but it's an awful lot of hassle and I'm not sure there is any great point if all you want to do is record what is installed for backup purposes.

If that's what you want then just generate a list using the above command and then you can later try and install those packages on a newly installed machine with:

yum install `cat package.list`

and it will just ignore anything that is already installed.

credit: TomH
Answered May 24, 2019

The yumdb command has a search function, where you can filter by reason the package was installed.

yumdb search reason user

credit: Christian Long
Answered May 24, 2019

I know it's an old question, but I would like to answer as this thread is not closed.

You can use:

dnf history userinstalled

The output will be a plain list of all user installed applications.


credit: Gabboz
Answered May 24, 2019
Your Answer