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Cannot Delete GRE Tunnel [Resolved]

I am configuring a GRE tunnel in Linux 2.6.26 and I've been facing a very strange problem for which I could not find any solution.

I have created a GRE tunnel called gre0, but no matter what I do, I am simply unable to delete this tunnel. The command ip tunnel del gre0 fails with the response ioctl: Operation not permitted. Any attempt to change the addresses of the tunnel also fails.

The following commands illustrate the problem:

# ip tunnel del gre0
ioctl: Operation not permitted
# ip tunnel change gre0
# ip tunnel change gre0 remote  local 
ioctl: No such file or directory

I can create, change and delete other tunnels without any problem, but gre0 just sticks there and does not go away, even if I reboot or take the interfaces down.

If I remove the ip_gre module, the tunnel disappears. As soon as I insert the module again, gre0 reappears and the problem continues.

I have two questions:

  1. What can I do to get rid of this pesky tunnel? I suspect this might be a kernel or a module bug.
  2. Where such persistent data (in this case, the information for gre0, but this applies to any other setup I may be even unaware of) is stored?

If any other information is needed, please let me know.

Thanks a lot for any help.


Question Credit: alecov
Question Reference
Asked July 18, 2019
Posted Under: Network
37 views
2 Answers

I believe I've found myself an answer to this problem.

After tinkering for a while, I decided to reproduce the problem in a clean installation.

The ip_gre module is not inserted by default in the kernel after installing Debian. ip tunnel show does not display any tunnel. After inserting the ip_gre module, but without creating any tunnel, gre0 appears and is undeletable and unchangeable as expected. Thus gre0 seems to be a dummy tunnel created by default by the ip_gre module.

The frustrating part is that this 'feature' is totally undocumented, and is even an unexpected one, since it might be natural to attempt to create a gre0 tunnel as the first (and only) GRE tunnel in a system.


credit: alecov
Answered July 18, 2019

lsmod | grep gre

rmmod ip_gre

rmmod gre


credit: Tony
Answered July 18, 2019
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